Ruis Martins animation:
Prince Randian clip from "Freaks": www.youtube.com/watch
Reddit comment thread: www.reddit.com/comments/gibxk
Persistance hunting YouTube video: www.youtube.com/watch
Cedric Watts paper: www.humnet.unipi.it/dllm/materiale/Cedric_Miranda.pdf
Navasana yoga pose: yoga.about.com/od/yogaposes/a/boat.htm
butt (unit of measurement): en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_wine_cask_units
rectal volume: gut.bmj.com/content/30/4/496.full.pdf
Prince Randian: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prince_Randian
Seymour Butts: www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi
Dick Swett: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dick_Swett
Cats on glass tables: twentytwowords.com/2011/05/18/9-pictures-of-cats-on-glass-tables-from-below/
Bottoms and attraction:
Humans and running:
MUSIC by www.youtube.com/JakeChudnow
A human, running like a quadruped, is creepy.
Artist Rui Martins created this animation about a year ago.
127 years ago, Eadweard Muybridge shot these real images of a child with infantile paralysis, walking on all fours.
Walking upright looks less unnatural.
Our bodies are particularly well suited for it.
One of the things the bulbous and prominent human bottom helps us do.
But, let's get to the bottom of a linguistic mystery.
Why is the bottom called a bottom, when it's in the middle of the body? Your feet and legs are almost always at the same level or below your bottom.
I mean, except for Navasana, the yoga boat pose.
Your bottom is anything but the actual bottom of your body.
There is no clear-cut answer, but there are butt loads of cool things.
To learn about butts.
A buttload is not just a joke.
It is a very specific unit of measurement.
It was used to describe the capacity of a wine cask.
A butt is about 477 litres, which means, given the average volume of solid waste, the rectum holds.
When a person says they have a buttload of something..
Technically, they are saying they have enough of that thing to fill 3,200 butts.
The word bottom to refer to your posterior is relatively new.
Cedric Watts has presented evidence that in the late 16th century bottom could connote the human rear end, but the first published use wasn't until 1794 in Erasmus Darwin's 'zoonomia'.
The word bottom comes from words, meaning 'foundation'.
'the lowest level'.
But when standing or sitting, the soles of your feet are more properly at the bottom, and, sure enough, sole also means 'foundation'.
What's going on here is probably a combination of torso-centric thinking and euphemism.
Bottom is a nice word for a sometimes dirty part, and your bottom is the bottom of your digestive tract and the bottom of your torso, the bottom of your body.
If you exclude your limbs.
For Prince Randian, a man born in 1871 in British Guiana, the bottom was the bottom.
Because of tetra-amelia syndrome.
He was born with no limbs at all., In 1889 P.T.
Barnum brought him to the United States to perform in carnivals.
You can see him light.
A cigarette with no arms or feet in the 1932 film "Freaks".
Bottom is just one of many words.
We have for the posterior, the rear, the backside, derrière, bum, buns or, in reference to its round shape, moon.
Which is why exposing your bare buttocks is known as mooning.
An offensive gesture.
The earliest known instance of mooning, was recorded by Flavius Josephus.
It occurred in 66 A.D.
A Roman soldier mooned, a group of Jews headed to a temple in Jerusalem.
His act of mooning spawned a riot and the subsequent overreaction on the part of the Roman military, led to the deaths of thousands of people.
You get mooned, you will, just like a guy who died, September, 14th, 1865 and is now buried in West Laurens, New York, Seymour Butts.
He didn't share his name with a former representative of New Hampshire's.
'bum' predates the use of the word bottom for the rear by quite a lot.
It's believed that the word bum originated as an onomatopoeia for the sound of buttocks slapping against a flat surface.
Lazily sitting around on your bum.
All day gave American English the word bum, a loafer, an idle person.
And bum's connotation of uselessness, poor quality, caused it to lend itself in the late 1960s to the word, 'bummer', an experience that was worthless - a letdown.
But to be clear.
Your butt is a bottom, kind, of.
It's a bum, but it is not a bummer.
Butt is magnificent, an example of what makes the human body so different.
Its shape comes from the gluteus maximus and gluteus medius muscles, as well as a layer of fat.
That layer of fat makes the bottom a great cushion for sitting.
Animals have to sit by resting weight on their legs because they lack the nice bulbous butt of the human.
Psychology suggests that our attraction to full firm bottoms on potential mates was probably naturally selected.
People in the past, who liked big ol' bottoms, probably spread their genes.
They probably had a lot of reproductive success, because the calle pigeon bottom is a sign of health and youth.
A bottom full of shapely fat is a great energy.
That energy can come in quite handy if food suddenly become scarce or during pregnancy or breast feeding.
There's, a great reddit thread you can read if you'd like this evolutionary psychology approach wrapped up in a Sir Mix-a-Lot's "I like big butts", package.
Because, we are bipedal in order to keep our torsos balanced while moving.
We require relatively giant and prominent muscles in our bottoms, muscles that are so prominent.
We have, compared to other apes, very defined intergluteal clefts.
This makes certain hygienic practices more common in humans than other animals.
Those prominent muscles are worth it.
Compared to horses and other quadrupeds humans can reach impressive, long-distance aerobic endurance.
This is Katarina Johnson-Thompson, an Olympic athlete from Great Britain, and an excellent example of the fact that humans are the running animal., Hi, Michael., Hi, Katarina.
Take, a look at this.
I'll make it brief, but above and beyond other animals, humans, can:, sweat to efficiently dump body heat.
We have short toes to provide more efficient force over long periods of running.
Our short neck ligaments keep our head perfectly stable when running, our uniquely well-developed Achilles tendon converts elastic energy into kinetic energy very well, and our tall narrow waists provide great counter rotation as our legs swing backwards and forwards.
I like how PZ Myers sums it up: "Over long distances, the average speed sustained by a horse is less than that of the human, which means that a well-trained conditioned human being can keep up with, or even outrun, a horse if the race is sustained long, enough." For.
This reason, endurance running, is still practiced by a few people on Earth as a form of hunting, and it may have been vitally important to prehistoric, people.
Before, domesticated animals and projectile weapons and traps, humans caught animals for food in an incredibly athletic way.
David Attenborough documented this practice.
You should definitely watch this clip.
An animal will sprint away from running human hunters, but eventually have to rest.
Humans, on the other.
Hand, though slow in the short run can keep going.
Like the tortoise.
They eventually beat the hare and can walk right up to the exhausted and overheated animal to kill it.
Don't have dangerous claws or massive teeth and we can pretty much only outsprint vegetables.
But, in the long run.
Thanks to things like our impressive butts, we have superior endurance when it comes to running.
It may be called a bottom, but it's at the top of the list of things that make the human body amazing.
This video was inspired by Sport Relief.
A great cause that uses sport to raise money for vulnerable people here in the UK and abroad.
The description of this video to learn more and watch their interactive video about how you can help out and get involved.
But wait a second.
If our bodies are so well developed for endurance running how come we don't all run, marathons? How come we don't all enjoy running or do a lot of it? Well.
The thing is: all of this running specialization was naturally selected because it helped our prehistoric ancestors, survive.
Actually, enjoying all of that running was not naturally selected.
It was just a part of their daily lives.
That doesn't mean that today you can't get off your butt, use your butt and be proud of it.
Next time someone calls you a butthead, say: "thanks, I always knew my head was a superlative object that set me apart from the animal kingdom." Katarina And as always, thanks for watching.
Informally, your bottom is also your buttocks, or your backside. It comes from the Old English botm, "ground" or "foundation."What is your bottom called? ›
Your butt is your buttocks, your tush, your rear end. Saying butt is more childish than offensive.What is your bottom for? ›
A bottom is someone who likes to relinquish control during sex. Bottoms typically like to receive during sex, whether that means oral sex, being penetrated during sex, or other sexual acts. However, like with tops, the specifics of the sex aren't as important as the power dynamic.What causes soft buttocks? ›
Most of the time, a sagging butt is caused by mere genetics, and some butt shapes just tend to sag more than others. However, if you once had a nice, round behind, and have noticed a substantial sag back there as you've aged, your sagging butt is most likely the result of gluteal muscle atrophy or excess body fat.What does a bottom mean in slang? ›
Slang. the submissive partner in a sexual relationship or encounter, especially the person who is penetrated in anal intercourse (opposed to top). Usually bottoms .Is bottom a body part? ›
bottom noun (BODY PART)
the part of your body that you sit on: She slipped and fell on her bottom. She was wearing a tiny skirt that only just covered her bottom. Powder the baby's bottom to stop it chafing.
When you eat a diet filled with processed foods, refined carbohydrates, and sugary drinks, it results in stubborn fat on your abdomen, hips, and buttocks. These types of foods lead to insulin resistance, which leads to increased fat storage, ending in fat that's hard to lose.Why do buttocks get bigger? ›
The muscles in your buttocks will only increase in size if you lift very heavy weights (for 6 to 12 reps) or if you eat a high-calorie diet. If you're using lighter weights you don't usually need to worry about your derriere.What is a bottom b * * * *? ›
In American pimp culture, a bottom girl, bottom woman, or bottom bitch is a term for a prostitute who sits atop the hierarchy of prostitutes working for a particular pimp. A bottom bitch is usually the prostitute who has been with the pimp the longest and consistently makes the most money.
So someone who is more active is the top and someone who is more passive is the bottom. It can also be about control. The top might have control over the other person about things like; what kind of sex that they have, how they do it, or the relationship as a whole.What does bottom lady mean? ›
slang. : a pimp's favorite or most dependable prostitute.How many bones are in your bottom? ›
There are three bones of the pelvis: the hip bone, sacrum and coccyx. These bones connect the axial skeleton to the lower limbs, and therefore play a role in bearing the weight of the upper body. These bones also act as attachments for many muscles and ligaments within the pelvis and lower limbs.Where does bottom come from? ›
“Bottom” in its original sense—the lowest part of something—first appeared in writing in a Latin-English manuscript known as the Third Cleopatra Glossary, which scholars say originated in the 700s. It was then spelled botm, which remained the usual spelling throughout the Old English period, the OED says.What does bottom down mean? ›
n. 1 the lowest, deepest, or farthest removed part of a thing.What is slang for bottoms up? ›
Bottoms Up Meaning
Definition: Drink! People will say, “bottoms up” to encourage others to drink something. If you are holding a cup full of liquid and lift it to your mouth to drink, you are raising the cup so that the bottom can be seen, thus bringing the bottom up.
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In general, adjectives and adverbs have opposite meanings, that is, words reporting quality and quantity often have opposite words. Opposites of Bottom; top. upper.Where do females gain weight first? ›
As people gain weight, excess fat tends to be centered around the abdomen, generally starting at the lower abdominal area and working up. This results in a large belly or gut protruding out from the rest of your body.Why are my thighs so big? ›
Thigh Fat and Cellulite Causes.
Thigh fat is typically caused by an excess of weight being carried in the thighs, usually from people who are currently or have been obese. Yet, thin people can have thigh fat, too. Other common causes of thigh fat include genetics, age, and hormonal levels.
Why do Guys gain weight in a relationship? After marriage, people get a sense of security and they start living happily with their life partners. This reason is considered to be more predominant behind weight gain in people. Researches show that when compared to people in relationships, single people eat less.Can sitting make your butt flat? ›
A flat butt can be caused by a number of lifestyle factors, including sedentary jobs or activities that require you to sit for extended periods. As you age, your butt may flatten and lose shape due to lower amounts of fat in the buttocks.Do squats make your butt bigger? ›
Squats work all of the glute muscles in one movement. When you strategically recruit and tax these muscles, you can trigger hypertrophy (or muscle size growth). So, yes, squats can help you build bigger glutes.Why do women's hips get bigger after marriage? ›
But the main reason for girls' hips to grow after marriage is their physical relationship. When all girls have sexual relations with their husbands after marriage, it causes hormonal changes in their body. It also affects other organs like their waist and hips. After marriage, women's hips gradually begin to grow.How long does it take to grow buttocks? ›
Glute growth generally takes 6-8 weeks to see noticeable changes, however, some individuals may find it takes 10-12 weeks based on diet, training, and body type. When trying to grow your glutes faster, you should train them multiple times a week (2-3X) and make sure you are eating enough calories to build muscle.What does hip thrusting do? ›
What is a hip thrust? The hip thrust exercise targets the gluteus maximus, which is the biggest muscle in your body. It also activates the hamstrings, quadriceps, and adductors. Working on developing this muscle, can help to improve your overall lower body strength, size and power, through training hip extension.What foods increase hip size? ›
Try foods like: poultry, beef, pork, dairy products, eggs, nuts, beans, tofu and seafood. Protein shakes are another healthy option. While eating a protein-rich diet is important, still eat a wide variety of other foods like fruits, vegetables and whole grains.What is the crack of your bottom called? ›
The medical name for a butt crack is “intergluteal cleft”Why is my bum crack wet and sore? ›
Intertrigo. Intertrigo is a rash that forms in the folds of the skin. When skin rubs against skin, it causes friction and creates a warm, moist environment that's ideal for fungal and bacterial growth. Intertrigo is common in the skin between the buttocks (butt crack), which can become very raw, itchy, and painful.What is the gap between your buttocks? ›
The natal cleft is the deep groove which runs between the two buttocks from just below the sacrum to the perineum.
Sweat loves to collect in skin folds — and that's basically what your butt crack is. You've got two fleshy buttocks pressed together, which already creates the ideal space for sweat to develop with no place to go. Add a pair of skinny jeans or any other snug gear, and you've got the makings of a sweaty situation.Who falls in love with Bottom? ›
While she is asleep, Oberon puts a magic love potion from a flower in her eyes. When she wakes up, she sees Bottom with an ass' head and immediately falls in love with him.What does Bottom do when he wakes up? ›
4.1: Bottom (transformed back to his own head by Puck) suddenly wakes and launches into the line that was interrupted by his transformation. Realizing that no one else is around, Bottom playfully curses the other actors for having left him asleep.What part does Bottom get? ›
Bottom is assigned the part of Pyramus, 'a lover that kills himself, most gallant, for love' (Act 2, Scene 2). Of course, Bottom is thrilled with his part and responds boisterously, 'That will ask some tears in the true performing of it.